The Muslim Brothers in Europe : Roots and Discourse.

Provides an overview on the history of the Muslim Brotherhood and the ways its heritage is appropriated by its European members. They define themselves as the 'community of the middle way', in the centre of Islamic orthodoxy, proposing an ethos and an ideology.

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Bibliographic Details
Author / Creator: Maréchal, Brigitte.
Other Authors / Creators:Maréchal, Brigitte.
Format: eBook Electronic
Imprint: Boston : BRILL, 2008.
Series:Muslim Minorities Ser.
Local Note:Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2022. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Online Access:Click to View
Table of Contents:
  • Intro
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • Introduction: The thought of the Muslim Brotherhood, at the center of Orthodox Islam
  • Chapter One The founding of the Brotherhood
  • 1. Emergence during the 1930's: da'wah, mode of life and reform
  • 2. The 1940's: political involvement, militarization, and growth of the movement
  • 3. The mid-1950's: repression and opposition, migration and radicalization
  • Chapter Two The contemporary Brotherhood
  • 1. The 1970's and 1980's: differentiation and reappropriation
  • 2. The 1980's: attempts at internationalization
  • 3. The 1990's: legalism and spillover from initial MB dynamic
  • 4. After 2000: toward a stabilized representative character, beyond internal questioning?
  • Chapter Three Migration and implantation in Europe
  • 1. The confluence of different histories and sociological generations
  • 2. Organizational structures
  • 3. Diffusion and circulation in the production of meaning
  • 4. The importance of the Muslim Brotherhood today in the Muslim communities of Europe
  • Chapter Four The unchallenged foundational contribution of Hassan al-Bannä
  • 1. The importance of his writings and their content
  • 2. The importance of his personality
  • Chapter Five The thought of Sayyid Qutb: difficult to avoid, but discreetly controversial
  • 1. A specific continuity relative to Hassan Al-Bannä
  • 2. Internal controversy
  • 3. The persistence of the influence of his thought up to the present day
  • Chapter Six Other classic intellectual fi gures
  • 1. Muhammad Al-Ghazäli
  • 2. Mustafä Al-Sibä'ï, Sa'ïd Hawwä and Sayyid Säbiq
  • Chapter Seven Historical references from within the movement
  • 1. Various organizational leaders, including Sa'ïd Ramadän
  • 2. Zeinab Al-Ghazali.
  • Chapter Eight Living fi gures of reference
  • 1. Figures of reference outside Europe
  • 2. Figures of reference who act as bridges between East and West
  • 3. Figures of reference within Europe
  • Chapter Nine A dynamic tradition more or less held in check
  • 1. A line of descent of witnesses, a reservoir of meaning
  • 2. A tradition that is relatively open, but not openly debated
  • 3. Labors related to selection and uniformity, by the organizational majority
  • 4. Promotion of contextual adaptation, to the detriment of the homogeneity of the movement?
  • Chapter Ten Two complementary versions of the movement's heritage
  • 1. A praxeology
  • 2. A vision of the world
  • Chapter Eleven The brotherhood through action
  • 1. Profundity of faith and understanding of the message
  • 2. Training and organization
  • 3. Effort, action and setting an example
  • Chapter Twelve Framework principles for the Muslim community
  • 1. Islam as a way of life: a great classic
  • 2. A gradual reform, from now on limited?
  • 3. The preservation of the unity of the Umma as an ideal objective
  • Chapter Thirteen Morals and social life
  • 1. Three approaches to the theme of jihad (and the theme of sacrifice)
  • 2. A brake on gender role-mixing and cultural mixing, or even a bridle
  • 3. The zakät as a principle of social justice
  • 4. Framing the community using a structural dynamic of relative jurisprudence
  • Chapter Fourteen Discourses regarding ultimate purposes and the relationships between diff erent civilizations
  • 1. The vitality and superiority of Islam
  • 2. Changes nonetheless in perspective with regard to the West
  • 3. Good stewardship of the earth and relationships with other persons
  • 4. In favor of recognition in the light of past and future history
  • Chapter Fifteen Concrete political projects?.
  • 1. A generally abstract relation to politics
  • 2. The abstract ideal reference to an Islamic system, and the diffusion of this idea
  • 3. The question of the caliphate, in suspense
  • 4. Mentioning the theme of revolution
  • Chapter Sixteen Strong but confused ideas
  • 1. Comprehensive way = globality of Islam: what does this mean?
  • 2. Difficulties involved in thinking of oneself as a member of a minority among other minorities
  • 3. Confusion concerning connection to the modern salafiyya current of thought and hidden tensions with the Wahhabi-salafists
  • 4. Nebulous, transitory ideas?
  • Conclusion
  • Sources
  • 1. Original sources
  • a. List of interviews and profi les of persons interviewed
  • b. Conferences, various presentations and interviews
  • 2. Documents
  • a. Newspapers, periodicals, magazines and booklets
  • b. Websites (organisations and press organs)
  • c. Articles, cassettes and books from authors more or less closed to the mouvance of the Muslim Brotherhood
  • Bibliography-Selection of secondary sources
  • Appendix-The twenty principles of Islamic understanding according to Hassan Al-Bannä, comparison of the titles of two books
  • Indices
  • Thematic index
  • Index of names
  • Index of organisations and ideological movements
  • Index of written medias.