Emancipation betrayed : the hidden history of Black organizing and white violence in Florida from Reconstruction to the bloody election of 1920 /
In this penetrating examination of African American politics and culture, Paul Ortiz throws a powerful light on the struggle of black Floridians to create the first statewide civil rights movement against Jim Crow. Concentrating on the period between the end of slavery and the election of 1920, &quo...
|Author / Creator:|
|Imprint:||Berkeley : University of California Press, ©2005.|
|Series:||American crossroads ;
|Online Access:||Click here for full text|
- The promise of reconstruction
- The struggle to save democracy
- We are in the hands of the devil: fighting racial terrorism
- To gain these fruits that have been earned: Emancipation Day
- To see that none suffer: mutual aid and resistance
- Looking for a free state to live in
- Echoes of emancipation: the great war in Florida
- With babies in their arms: the voter registration movement
- Election Day, 1920
- Conclusion: legacies of the Florida movement.